MORE

MORE(1) BSD General Commands Manual MORE(1)

NAME
more – file perusal filter for crt viewing

SYNOPSIS
more [-dlfpcsu] [-num] [+/ pattern] [+ linenum] [file …]

DESCRIPTION
More is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This
version is especially primitive. Users should realize that less(1) pro-
vides more(1) emulation and extensive enhancements.

OPTIONS
Command line options are described below. Options are also taken from
the environment variable MORE (make sure to precede them with a dash
(“-”)) but command line options will override them.

-num This option specifies an integer which is the screen size (in
lines).

-d more will prompt the user with the message “[Press space to con-
tinue, ‘q’ to quit.]” and will display “[Press ‘h’ for instruc-
tions.]” instead of ringing the bell when an illegal key is
pressed.

-l more usually treats ^L (form feed) as a special character, and will
pause after any line that contains a form feed. The -l option will
prevent this behavior.

-f Causes more to count logical, rather than screen lines (i.e., long
lines are not folded).

-p Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display
the text.

-c Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing
the remainder of each line as it is displayed.

-s Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.

-u Suppress underlining.

+/ The +/ option specifies a string that will be searched for before
each file is displayed.

+num Start at line number num.

COMMANDS
Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1). Some commands may be
preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions below. In the
following descriptions, ^X means control-X.

h or ? Help: display a summary of these commands. If you forget all
the other commands, remember this one.

SPACE Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen
size.

z Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen
size. Argument becomes new default.

RETURN Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument
becomes new default.

d or ^D Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially
11. Argument becomes new default.

q or Q or INTERRUPT
Exit.

s Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.

f Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.

b or ^B Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. Only
works with files, not pipes.

‘ Go to place where previous search started.

= Display current line number.

/pattern Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to
1.

n Search for kth occurrence of last r.e. Defaults to 1.

!<cmd> or :!<cmd>
Execute <cmd> in a subshell

v Start up an editor at current line. The editor is taken from
the environment variable VISUAL if defined, or EDITOR if
VISUAL is not defined, or defaults to “vi” if neither VISUAL
nor EDITOR is defined.

^L Redraw screen

:n Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.

:p Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.

:f Display current file name and line number

. Repeat previous command

ENVIRONMENT
More utilizes the following environment variables, if they exist:

MORE This variable may be set with favored options to more.

SHELL Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login
time).

TERM Specifies terminal type, used by more to get the terminal
characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.

SEE ALSO
vi(1) less(1)

AUTHORS
Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable

HISTORY
The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more ver-
sion 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux com-
munity. Documentation was produced using several other versions of the
man page, and extensive inspection of the source code.

AVAILABILITY
The more command is part of the util-linux-ng package and is available
from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux-ng/.

Linux 0.98 December 25, 1992 Linux 0.98

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